• 2020年寒假班正在火热招生中,请联系13811964693!
  • 2019年国庆班正在火热招生中,请联系13811964693!
  • 2019寒假班预招生中,请添加微信咨询详细信息!

视觉感知能力的构成

精品课程 黎老师 2年前 (2018-12-21) 653次浏览 已收录 49个评论

心理学家证明,在大脑的感受区、贮存区、判断区和想象区四个功能部位中,一般人对想象区只动用了想象力的 15%;同时证明,中小学是想象力开发和培养的关键期,所以想象力的锻炼和培养对中学生来说尤为重要。下面将综合性地谈谈培养想象技能的技巧。

首先,培养广泛兴趣,积累知识,敢于想象。

知识上的宽广,思想上的广泛联系,是形成丰富想象的基础。没有知识的肥田沃土,再美丽的想象之花也会枯萎凋零。中学生不能仅仅满足于课堂学习,还要广泛参加课外、校外活动。那种白天黑夜死啃书本,在题海中拼搏的同学,难免知识面狭窄,知识量贫乏,思维迟缓,联想不丰富,怎能有好的想象力?著名生物学家,进化论创始人达尔文就是从课外对昆虫的兴趣走上成功之路的。广泛的兴趣可以积累知识,多读书也是积累知识的一个好办法。1979 年诺贝尔物理奖的获得者格拉索就十分注意多方面知识积累,他说:“往往有许多物理问题的解答,并不在物理范围之内,涉猎各方面的学问,可以提供开阔的思路,如多看看小说,有空去逛逛动物园也会有好处,可以帮助提高想象力。”丰富的知识自然会引发想象,在想象过程中要不怕失误。法拉第说过:“就是最有成绩的科学家,他们得以实现的建议、希望、愿望以及初步结论,也不到十分之一。”想象的失误是通向科学的动力,是走向成功的阶梯。居里夫人在发现镭前,不是也经受过不少“想象实验”的失败吗?最终,不还是敢于想象使她成功了吗?

其次,认真观察,丰富自己的感性形象。

想象的材料来源于客观现实,只有对现实认真观察,才能在头脑中留下关于客观事物的形象。感性形象太少,想象就难以丰富,天生瞎子无论如何也想象不出大象的具体形象。怎样增多感性形象呢?除了多读书,从书本间接获取一些事物的形象外,还要在社会实践中开阔视野,多见广识,尽量扩大对自然界和人类社会各种形象的储备;努力在工作、学习中进行调查研究,弄清客观事物的来龙去脉,各个侧面的状况;参观、游览、欣赏电影电视也不失为扩大形象储备的好方法。

第三,练习比喻、类比和联想。

比喻、类比是想象力的花朵,平时讲述或写作中要有意识地多用些比喻、类比。一般说,善于打比方的同学想象力都活跃,在看或听的过程中也要不断练练猜的能力,多为下一步,下几步想想,养成预测的习惯,有益于想象力的开发与培养。

第四,凡事问个为什么,养成好奇的习惯。

一个人知识越多,想象不一定就越丰富,如果知识学得不活,不会联想,最多也只能再现过去直接感受过的形象,而具备了对事物的好奇心,就可积极地调动、组合已有的表象,推动想象的发展。试想,如果没有对“起火”上天的好奇,也绝不会想象出“火箭”来,没有对苹果下落的好奇,牛顿也不可能发现重力。中学生在学习中,对每一句文学警句,每一个物理、化学现象,每一条几何引线⋯⋯都要首先问个为什么,这是激发想象的源泉,也是推动想象力发展的动力。

第五,善于交换角度,从多方去考虑问题。

现有的东西(如发明、材料、方法、成品等)有无其他用途?保持原状不变能否扩大用途,稍加改变有无别的用途?放大、缩小、省略、调换、替代、倒过来又如何?这是中学生最易做到的,如:文学作品中去掉某句、某段,艺术效果和中心思想将会如何?对甲的描述套用给乙,乙的描述换给甲,两人形象又会发生什么样的变化?李自成进北京如果提高警惕、不被胜利冲昏头脑又是怎样的结局?加热的化学反应不加热又会怎样⋯⋯这样变换角度,多方考虑问题,会给你提供想象的广阔天地。视觉感知能力的构成

解释、分析所看到信息的能力,视觉感知技巧可以分为以下方面:

视觉辨别

根据其特征辨别相似事物的能力。阅读时,这种技巧能帮助孩子辨别“加”与“叻”、“樱”与“缨”等字。

视觉记忆

回忆特定事物特征的能力,这种技巧有助于孩子通过短时记忆对信息的充分加工记住他们所看到的事物。缺乏该技巧的孩子通常理解能力较差,阅读时他们经常喜欢默读或自言自语,他们难以记住相似的字词或出现在另一页的同样的字词。

视觉空间关系

区分相似物体差异的能力。这种技巧有助于孩子掌握相互间关系和根本概念。在高层次的学科和数学中需要这种能力。

视觉形态特征

这种技巧可以帮助孩子分辨大小、形状和方位的差异。该技巧缺陷的孩子经常颠倒字母和数字。

视觉时序记忆

按照正确顺序记忆的能力。这种能力在拼写时尤其重要。

视觉统合

根据不完整信息和部分图片抽象出整体的能力。这种技巧能帮助孩子快速阅读和理解,他们没必要单独处理每一个单词中的每一个字母,他们总是整个词整个词的处理。这种技巧还能帮助他们预测结果。视觉统合能力较差的儿童一般难以有完整的思想,他们还经常混淆相似的物体和字词。

视觉轮廓

从众多视觉刺激中感知和定位某一物体的能力,这种技巧可以使得孩子不至于迷失于细节,缺乏这种技巧的孩子经常易于受一页中的众多文字困扰,影响他们的注意力,他们在搜索特定信息时也会出现问题。


转载请注明原文链接:视觉感知能力的构成
喜欢 (0)
发表我的评论
取消评论
表情 贴图 加粗 删除线 居中 斜体 签到
(49)个小伙伴在吐槽
  1. This site really has all the information and facts I wanted concerning this subject and didn't know who to ask.Look into my blog :: cheap flights
    匿名2021-02-02 02:24
  2. I want to show my admiration for your kindness for women who really need assistance with this one subject matter. Your special commitment to passing the message across turned out to be unbelievably productive and has surely helped guys just like me to arrive at their ambitions. Your new helpful help and advice implies much to me and especially to my office workers. Regards; from everyone of us. nike react [url=http://www.nikereact.org]nike react[/url]
    匿名2021-02-02 18:23
  3. I am glad for commenting to let you understand what a useful discovery our princess developed checking your web page. She discovered so many details, most notably what it is like to possess an excellent teaching mood to get other individuals easily master selected impossible things. You actually surpassed her expectations. Many thanks for distributing such informative, healthy, revealing and unique tips on that topic to Julie. yeezy 500 [url=http://www.yeezy-500.us.com]yeezy 500[/url]
    匿名2021-02-02 18:23
  4. This design is wicked! You most certainly know how to keep a reader entertained.Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost...HaHa!) Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.Too cool!My homepage :: cheap flights; http://tinyurl.com/,
    匿名2021-02-03 03:52
  5. Magnificent web site. A lot of helpful information here.I am sending it to some buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.And naturally, thank you for your sweat!My web page: cheap flights
    匿名2021-02-03 04:43
  6. purchase yasmin walmart cialis price kann man levitra schmelztabletten teilen Fluop Idorm
    匿名2021-02-03 11:57
  7. Hi! I could have sworn I've been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it's new to me.Nonetheless, I'm definitely delighted I found it and I'll be bookmarking and checking back often!Also visit my webpage ... cheap flights - tinyurl.com,
    匿名2021-02-03 18:58
  8. cialis 10mg rezeptfrei kaufen generic cialis online pharmacy europe to buy viagra in spain Fluop Idorm
    匿名2021-02-04 07:06
  9. viagra and cialis cialis forum online doctor cialis
    匿名2021-02-04 22:39
  10. A lot of thanks for your entire work on this blog. My niece enjoys carrying out research and it's easy to understand why. Almost all hear all relating to the lively way you offer worthwhile solutions on the blog and welcome participation from other ones on the content plus our own girl is without question being taught a whole lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You're performing a really good job. moncler
    匿名2021-02-05 23:00
  11. Thank you for your own work on this web site. My aunt loves going through research and it is easy to understand why. All of us notice all of the powerful form you provide simple guides by means of the web blog and therefore attract response from some others on that topic so our favorite child has been becoming educated a whole lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You are always carrying out a superb job. golden goose
    匿名2021-02-05 23:00
  12. viagra street value blackmarket viagra viagra professional review
    匿名2021-02-06 06:02
  13. most reliable canadian pharmacies no prescription pharmacies cialis from canada
    匿名2021-02-06 07:32
  14. viagra in uae buy viagra in australia online generic viagra australia online
    匿名2021-02-07 01:22
  15. cialis annual sales 2017 viagra australia next day delivery dans quel pays le viagra est il en vente libre Fluop Idorm
    匿名2021-02-07 08:41
  16. canada pharmacy online reviews london drugs canada canada rx
    匿名2021-02-07 20:23
  17. prescription drug cost online pharmacies no prescription canadian pharmaceuticals online reviews
    匿名2021-02-08 11:12
  18. I would like to show some thanks to the writer for rescuing me from this problem. As a result of looking through the world wide web and meeting techniques which are not productive, I thought my life was well over. Living without the presence of strategies to the issues you have solved by way of your article is a crucial case, and the ones that could have in a wrong way affected my entire career if I hadn't noticed your website. Your talents and kindness in taking care of a lot of things was very helpful. I don't know what I would've done if I hadn't encountered such a point like this. It's possible to at this point relish my future. Thank you so much for your professional and sensible guide. I will not hesitate to propose your site to anyone who desires support on this subject matter. stone island jacket
    匿名2021-02-08 14:22
  19. Thanks so much for giving everyone a very brilliant possiblity to read critical reviews from here. It is usually so nice and also jam-packed with fun for me and my office fellow workers to search your site minimum 3 times a week to read through the fresh things you will have. Not to mention, I am also actually pleased for the mind-boggling tactics you give. Some 2 facts in this article are rather the most impressive I've ever had. hermes
    匿名2021-02-08 14:23
  20. canada meds viagra australia no prescription best online international pharmacies
    匿名2021-02-08 17:41
  21. cialis information viagra cialis prices
    匿名2021-02-10 01:15
  22. best canadian pharmacies approved canadian pharmacies online canadian pharcharmy
    匿名2021-02-10 03:20
  23. viagra paypal accepted canada hong kong viagra can cialis 20 mg be taken daily Fluop Idorm
    匿名2021-02-10 16:14
  24. I precisely needed to thank you very much yet again. I'm not certain the things I might have accomplished without the tactics shown by you over my question. It was actually a real daunting setting in my opinion, nevertheless observing a specialised approach you handled the issue made me to leap for joy. I am thankful for your service and thus pray you know what an amazing job your are providing teaching other individuals with the aid of a site. Probably you've never met all of us. golden goose
    匿名2021-02-11 07:03
  25. I am glad for commenting to let you know of the fabulous discovery my friend's daughter developed checking the blog. She came to understand numerous pieces, most notably how it is like to have an incredible giving mindset to make other folks without problems know several specialized subject matter. You really did more than her expected results. I appreciate you for giving these great, trustworthy, explanatory as well as cool tips about this topic to Sandra. jordan retro
    匿名2021-02-11 07:04
  26. Paragraph writing is also a excitement, if you know afterward you can write otherwise it is complex to write.My homepage; cheap flights (http://tinyurl.com/y53drwqq)
    匿名2021-02-12 09:09
  27. Hi Men. cialis by mail viagra vs cialis premature ejaculation
    匿名2021-02-12 22:59
  28. payday loan 98270 payday loan zoning cash 2 go payday loans
    匿名2021-02-13 09:01
  29. cialis headache relief cialis brochure
    匿名2021-02-13 09:31
  30. I precisely wished to thank you so much once more. I do not know the things I might have worked on in the absence of the points revealed by you directly on such industry. It became a very troublesome situation in my opinion, nevertheless discovering this expert approach you processed the issue forced me to cry with contentment. I am thankful for the guidance and in addition have high hopes you know what a great job you were putting in educating the mediocre ones using your web blog. I'm certain you have never come across all of us. cheap jordans
    匿名2021-02-13 13:07
  31. I would like to voice my admiration for your kind-heartedness for individuals who absolutely need help with your situation. Your real commitment to getting the message all through came to be pretty informative and has all the time allowed women much like me to reach their endeavors. Your own insightful key points implies so much a person like me and far more to my office workers. Thanks a ton; from all of us. supreme clothing
    匿名2021-02-13 13:07
  32. fast money loans phone numbers sunday payday loans uk definition of cash out refinance loan
    匿名2021-02-13 19:54
  33. cialis walgreens price cialis forme farmaceutiche
    匿名2021-02-14 01:54
  34. generic cialis reviews other drugs like cialis
    匿名2021-02-14 22:35
  35. cialis pricing costco preis cialis 20mg 4 stГјck cialis ha bisogno di ricetta
    匿名2021-02-16 02:41
  36. payday loan hardship program short term loan cash converters personal cash advance loan
    匿名2021-02-16 03:52
  37. I'm commenting to let you be aware of of the exceptional experience my cousin's child obtained reading through your web page. She picked up such a lot of things, which include what it is like to possess an incredible teaching heart to have most people very easily learn selected specialized subject areas. You undoubtedly surpassed people's expectations. Thank you for churning out those necessary, trusted, edifying and in addition unique tips on your topic to Tanya. kyrie irving shoes
    匿名2021-02-16 05:12
  38. I simply wanted to appreciate you once again. I am not sure the things I might have implemented without the entire tips and hints shared by you about such a subject matter. It has been a very frustrating case in my circumstances, but taking a look at the very specialised technique you dealt with it made me to weep over contentment. I will be thankful for your support and pray you really know what a powerful job you were carrying out teaching some other people all through your website. I know that you have never met any of us. yeezy boost 350 v2
    匿名2021-02-16 05:13
  39. cialis optic nerve can females take cialis alpha bloquant cialis
    匿名2021-02-16 09:52
  40. I precisely needed to thank you so much again. I'm not certain the things I could possibly have done without the actual strategies shared by you on that situation. It had become a very horrifying condition for me, however , finding out the skilled tactic you managed it took me to cry for happiness. I am happier for this help and as well , hope that you comprehend what a powerful job you're providing educating some other people using your site. Probably you have never come across all of us. irving shoes
    匿名2021-02-19 04:05
  41. I want to express some appreciation to this writer just for bailing me out of this predicament. Because of surfing through the world wide web and meeting ideas which were not pleasant, I assumed my entire life was well over. Being alive minus the answers to the difficulties you've fixed by means of your guideline is a serious case, as well as ones that would have badly affected my career if I had not encountered the website. Your own personal expertise and kindness in controlling all the details was priceless. I don't know what I would've done if I hadn't come upon such a thing like this. I am able to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for this impressive and results-oriented guide. I will not hesitate to endorse your web blog to anybody who desires guide about this topic. supreme clothing
    匿名2021-02-19 04:06
  42. viagra for men buy online in india can you buy cialis in mexico over the counter to buy viagra in hyderabad online Fluop Idorm
    匿名2021-02-25 01:38
  43. cialis 36 hours generic cialis next day delivery what color is cialis pill
    匿名2021-03-01 02:27
  44. I want to show my gratitude for your generosity giving support to those people that have the need for assistance with this one subject matter. Your special commitment to passing the message all over came to be especially informative and has regularly empowered individuals much like me to reach their desired goals. This warm and helpful report indicates a great deal a person like me and additionally to my office colleagues. With thanks; from each one of us. hermes belt
    匿名2021-03-03 02:12 (6天前)
  45. Thanks so much for giving everyone a very terrific chance to check tips from this blog. It's usually very ideal and also stuffed with amusement for me personally and my office friends to search your site nearly 3 times every week to read through the newest items you have. And of course, we are usually amazed for the fantastic secrets you give. Selected 4 areas on this page are truly the simplest we've ever had. curry shoes
    匿名2021-03-03 02:12 (6天前)
  46. I want to express some thanks to the writer just for bailing me out of such a scenario. After browsing through the the web and obtaining suggestions which were not powerful, I figured my life was well over. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the difficulties you have sorted out by way of your article is a serious case, as well as the kind that would have in a negative way affected my career if I hadn't noticed the blog. The understanding and kindness in playing with a lot of things was priceless. I'm not sure what I would've done if I hadn't come across such a subject like this. I am able to at this point look forward to my future. Thank you very much for your expert and result oriented guide. I won't be reluctant to endorse your web site to anybody who will need support on this problem. kyrie 6
    匿名2021-03-05 11:59 (3天前)
  47. Thank you for every one of your work on this blog. Betty take interest in engaging in internet research and it is easy to understand why. My spouse and i learn all relating to the powerful way you offer priceless tips and hints by means of your web blog and even strongly encourage contribution from visitors on this theme and my girl is without question discovering a great deal. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You're the one conducting a glorious job. longchamp handbags
    匿名2021-03-05 11:59 (3天前)
  48. I want to show thanks to this writer for bailing me out of this situation. After surfing around through the the web and obtaining ways which were not pleasant, I assumed my life was done. Existing devoid of the solutions to the issues you've sorted out by means of the guideline is a critical case, as well as the kind which may have badly affected my entire career if I had not encountered your site. Your good capability and kindness in maneuvering all things was priceless. I don't know what I would've done if I had not come upon such a subject like this. It's possible to at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for your impressive and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to endorse your web blog to any individual who desires assistance about this situation. kyrie 6
    匿名2021-03-08 09:37 (10小时前)
  49. A lot of thanks for every one of your work on this site. Ellie really likes working on investigation and it is obvious why. All of us know all of the lively way you deliver practical tips and tricks by means of this web site and invigorate response from other individuals on the topic while our daughter is actually understanding a whole lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. You are always doing a remarkable job. supreme clothing
    匿名2021-03-08 09:38 (10小时前)